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Converting Like Measurement Units 5th Grade Math Worksheets

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There are two primary systems of measurements. Customary system and metric system. The customary system is the system of measurement primarily used in the United States while the metric system is the system of measurement commonly used in science.


The Customary System of Measurement

  • The customary system of measurement, also known as the U.S. Customary System, is based on the English system of measurement. 
  • In mathematics context, the customary system refers to a set of weights and measures used for measuring length, weight, capacity and temperature.

The customary system for length and distances are measured in inches, feet, yards and miles.

1 inch (in)
1 foot (ft)12 inches
1 yard (yd)3 feet
1 mile (mi)1760 yards

The U.S. customary weight measurement units are ounces, pounds, and tons. 

1 ounce (oz)16 drams
1 pound (lb)16 ounces
1 ton (t)2000 pounds

The U.S customary capacity or volume measurement units are ounces, cups, pints, quarts, and gallons.

1 fluid ounce2 tablespoons
1 cup8 fluid ounces
1 pint2 cups
1 quart2 pints
1 gallon4 quarts

The Metric System of Measurement

  • This system of measurement is being considered as the international decimal system of weights and measures, based on the metre for length and the kilogram for mass.
  • It is commonly used in France in 1795 and is now used officially in almost all nations in the world.
1 km = 1,000 m1 kg = 1,000 g1 kL = 1,000 L
1 m = 0.001 km1 g = 0.001 kg1 L = 0.001 kL
1 m = 100 cm1 g = 100 cg1 L = 100 cL
1 cm = .01 m1 cg = 0.01 g1 cL = 0.01 L
1 m = 1, 000 mm1 g = 1,000 mg1 L = 1,000 mL
1 mm = 0. 001 m1 mg = 0.001 g1 mL = 0.001 L

Here’s a copy of customary-metric conversion chart. 

Customary UnitMetric Unit
1 inch25.4 millimeters
1 foot30.48 centimeters
1 yard0.91 meter
1 mile1.61 kilometers
1 teaspoon4.93 milliliters
1 cup0.24 liter
1 pint0.47 liter
1 quart0.95 liter
1 gallon3.79 liters
1 ounce28.35 grams
1 pound0.45 kilogram

In converting larger units to smaller units, we multiply the number of larger units by the conversion factor for the appropriate smaller units.

Converting Like Measurement Units Worksheets

This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Converting Like Measurement Units across 15+ in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Common core aligned Grade 5 Math worksheets.

Each ready to use worksheet collection includes 10 activities and an answer guide. Not teaching common core standards? Don’t worry! All our worksheets are completely editable so can be tailored for your curriculum and target audience.

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